Milk is a fundamental food in the diet of school children. In children, a period characterized by accelerated growth and development, protein needs increase, so a high quality protein source is needed, essential for the formation of muscles, bones and tissues, synthesis of hormones and enzymes, among other important functions.
Hence, dairy products promote the proper growth and development of children and adolescents. Milk is the most important source of calcium in the diet, and the consumption of calcium in the recommended amounts is ultimately related to the formation of healthy and strong muscles and bones.
3 Benefits of Drinking Milk in Children
Milk is one of the most complete and healthy foods, and ideally, children should consume three glasses a day. Among its great benefits are:
Important Source of Nutrients
Milk is an excellent source of vitamins and nutrients that help the growth and development of children. Thus, a glass of milk (200 ml) provides: 30% of the recommended daily dose of Calcium, a nutrient that helps build and maintain strong bones and teeth. In addition, it plays a role in nerve function, muscle contraction, blood clotting and wound healing, and maintenance of normal blood pressure.
Avoid Oral Problems
Milk, along with proper dental hygiene, can help protect diseases of the teeth, such as cavities and gum problems. Casein (a protein in milk) reduces the adhesion of the bacteria that causes cavities to the surface of the tooth, while other whey proteins such as lactoferrin and lysozyme, together with the antibodies that are also found in milk, can promote oral health through its strong antibacterial activities.
Helps Strengthen Bones and Stay Hydrated
Its high calcium content allows the development and strengthening of bones in children, avoiding future diseases such as Osteopenia and Osteoporosis, ensuring their normal growth and resistance. Milk contains electrolytes that help replace sodium lost through sweat and also, being largely made up of water, helps to cool the body and maintain the balance between water and electrolytes.